The Genealogy of the Simon Family of Willebadessen, Germany, and its Descendants in America
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Levin Gregor Benedikt SimonAbt 1713 - 1771 (~ 58 years)
Name Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon Born Abt 1713 Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Christened 5 Oct 1745 Paderborn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Gender Male Died Jan 1771 Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Buried 8 Jan 1771 Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Person ID I1 Simon and Related Families Last Modified 11 Jun 2017
Married Bef 1738 Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Children 1. Maria Ursula Theresia Simon, b. 2 Mar 1738, Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 4 Feb 1812, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 73 years) 2. Maria Theresia Charlotta Simon, b. 30 Mar 1745, Germany , d. 6 Aug 1760, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 15 years) Last Modified 16 Nov 2015 Family ID F1 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Family 2 Anna Maria Wittkop, b. 1727, Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Jan 1793, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 66 years) Married 24 Dec 1745 Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Children 1. Anna Maria Elisabeth Simon, b. 4 Feb 1747, Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 15 Sep 1749, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 2 years) 2. Johann Heinrich Simon, b. Oct 1750, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 3. Johann Jürgen "Georg" Simon, b. May 1754, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 17 Mar 1797, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age ~ 42 years) 4. Baby Boy Simon, b. Jun 1757, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 5. Anna Maria Christina Simon, b. Dec 1760, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 6. Anna Maria Elisabeth Simon, b. Dec 1760, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 7. Johann Conrad Simon, b. 15 Aug 1763, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 13 Nov 1825, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 62 years) 8. Johann Joseph Simon, b. Oct 1766, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown Last Modified 26 Jan 2015 Family ID F2 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Event Map = Link to Google Earth
Documents Simon, Levin - 1745 Baptism Record from Records of Abdinghof Abbey
Levin Simon - Abdinghof Abbey Baptismal Record. Top entry on page records the baptism in 1745 of Jacob Simon, who was Jewish and who took the baptismal name of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon.
Simon, Levin - 1745 Baptismal Record from Löwen Parish Register - Page 1
Page 1 of two-page entry in the Löwen Parish Register detailing the conversion and baptism of Levin Simon, born Jacob Simon.
Simon, Levin - 1745 Baptismal Record from Löwen Parish Register - Page 2
Page 2 of two-page entry in the Löwen Parish Register detailing the conversion and baptism of Levin Simon, born Jacob Simon.
Simon, Levin - 1745 Record of Second Marriage
Record of the marriage of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon to Anna Maria Wittkop, 24 December 1745. From the Parish Register of St. Kilian RC Church in Loewen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.
Birth year estimated from age at death (58 years) given in the 1771 burial record for Levin Simon in Willebadessen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056021.
Birth name given as Jacob Simon and birthplace given as Löwen in baptismal record, in Löwen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056014.
JEWISH ORIGINS DEMONSTRATED BY DNA ANALYSIS:
In addition to the documentary record of his baptism in 1745, DNA analysis of the Y-chromosome handed down from father to son in the Simon line shows a Y haplotype of Q-BZ25. This haplotype and the parent haplotypes from which it arose (as well as haplotypes that later diverged from it) are found only among Ashkenazi Jews.
Löwen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056014. Three records interleaved into the baptismal register of St. Kilian Church attest to conversion of Jacob Simon from Judaism to Roman Catholicism on 5 October 1745. Jacob's new baptismal name was "Levinum Gregorium Benedictum Simon." His baptismal witness (Lat: patrino) was given as "Excellentissimo Domino Wilhelma de Vogelius, Serenitatis sua Electoralis Colomensis per Dioecesin Paderbornensem Cancellario." This person is certainly Gerhard Georg Wilhelm von Vogelius, who was the Vice-Chancellor of the Princely Archbishopric of Paderborn at the time. It is unclear whether his designation as a baptismal sponsor was an honorary designation or whether he served as an actual witness--having distinguished personages as honorary baptismal witnesses was not unknown at the time, according to the Archivist of the Generalvikariat-Diozesan Archive in Paderborn, who was interviewed by Simon relative Heinrich Rohde. According to the baptismal records, at the time of his baptism, Levin Simon was a resident of Löwen. The baptism took place at the Benedictine abbey of Abdinghof, in Paderborn. This abbey was closed during the secularization of Westphalia by the Prussians in about 1803.
A second record of the baptism is in the records of Abdinghof Abbey itself. These records were collected with the records of the Gaukirche Sankt Ulrich, Paderborn, and are also located in the Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1050943. On a page titled "De Baptismo," the top entry is as follows: "Anno 1745. non quá Pastor, Sed quá de leg acta(?) á Rm's D. Vicaris generali Paderborn. baptizam Hebraeum Nomine Jacob Simon - Deinde". This entry confirms that of the Löwen Parish Register, establishing the Jewish heritage of Jacob Simon, and confirming the involvement of the Paderborn government in his baptism. The final word in the entry, "Deinde," might be translated "of this place." It might indicate that Levin Simon was a resident of Paderborn at the time.
Birth name was Jacob Simon. Given the naming practice among Jewish Germans in the early 18th century, this means that his name would have been understood by his contemporaries as meaning "Jacob son of Simon," Thus, this reference probably indicates that Jacob's father actually had Simon as his first name.
Various records of children's baptisms give his post-baptismal name as Levin Simon, Levin Simons, and Levin Siemens.
MARRIAGE: Löwen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056014. Witnesses-- Joannes Gluntz and Conrad Kinen (both of whom were married to Wittkops, and both of whom were probably brothers-in-law of Anna Maria Wittkop). According to this marriage record, Levin Simon had a prior wife who wished to remain in Judaism.
The document for this second marriage (attached to this record) reads in Latin:
Levinus Gregorius Benedictus Simon conversus baptizatus, cum prior uxor in judaismo permanere voluerit, et honesta virgo Anna Maria Wittkop ex Lowen acceptis clandestinis tam in tempore vetito quam proclamationibus, viso mandato copulandi ex judicio Rdissimi Officialatus Paderbornensis. Testes Joes Gluntz at Conradus Kinen Lowenses. Assistens pprius fuit parochus.
This translates approximately to:
Levin Gregory Benedict Simon, baptized convert, with his former wife wishing to remain in Judaism, and honest virgin Anna Maria Wittkop from Lowen, taken during the forbidden time (probably a reference to a marriage during Advent) and now proclaimed, having mandate for the union from the Most Excellent Official Court of Paderborn. Witnesses Joes Gluntz and Conrad Kinen of Lowen. Assisted by the pastor.
ADDRESSES: Löwen Parish Register shows him as a resident from at least 1745-1747. First record in Willebadessen Parish Register is of legitimate child's birth in October 1750, so move to Willebadessen must have occurred prior to that. No further mention of immediate family in Löwen Parish Register after 1747.
DEATH: January 1771 death date inferred from date of burial record in Willebadessen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056021.
BURIAL: Willebadessen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056021. Age at death given as 58 years.
RESEARCH DIRECTIONS REGARDING POTENTIAL ANCESTORS OF LEVIN SIMON:
Levin Simon's ancestors do not appear to be from Löwen. According to a local expert in the history of Jewish communities in the area during the 18th century (Ms. Dina van Faassen of the Scriptorium in Münster), in 1704 a report on Jewish families throughout the Princely Archbishopric of Paderborn was made. (Citation she provided: StA MS, Fürstentum Paderborn, Hofkammer, Number 3310; abstracted in van Faassen, Dina, "Geleit ist kündbar," page 113 and following). Only two Jewish families were listed in this report as living in Löwen. Neither was headed (or had a family member) by the name of Simon. Thus, the family must have moved to Löwen after 1704 and before 1713, if Jacob Simon was born there.
The nearest larger Jewish community that might have had a synagogue would have been in the town of Peckelsheim, only a few miles away. There are records of a Simon family in Peckelsheim in the early 1700's, according to the records of the Paderborn Diocesan Archives (Letter from archivist to Robert Simon, 1994).