The Genealogy of the Following Families:
The Simon Family of Willebadessen, Germany, and its Descendants in America
The Barcant, Krogh, d'Abadie, and Related Families of Trinidad and Tobago
The Hurd and Clark Families of Kent County, Delaware and Caroline County, Maryland
The Dolan and Carr Families of County Tyrone, Northern Ireland; County Donegal, Ireland; and America
The McGillin Families of County Tyrone, Northern Ireland and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Levin Gregor Benedikt (aka Jacob) SimonAbt 1713 - 1771 (~ 58 years)
Name Levin Gregor Benedikt (aka Jacob) Simon Born Abt 1713 Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Christened 5 Oct 1745 Paderborn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Gender Male Died Jan 1771 Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Buried 8 Jan 1771 Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Siblings 1 sibling Person ID I1 Simon and Related Families | Descendants of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon Last Modified 5 Oct 2021
Father Simon [Joseph], b. Bef 1690, Beverungen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Family ID F3855 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Family 1 Golde Michel Married Bef 1738 Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Divorced 10 Dec 1745 Paderborn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Children + 1. Maria Ursula Theresia Simon, b. 2 Mar 1738, Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 4 Feb 1812, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 73 years) 2. Maria Theresia Charlotta Simon, b. 30 Mar 1745, Germany , d. 6 Aug 1760, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 15 years) Last Modified 3 Oct 2021 Family ID F1 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Family 2 Anna Maria Franziska Wittkop, b. Apr 1727, Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Jan 1793, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age ~ 65 years) Married 24 Dec 1745 Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Children 1. Anna Maria Elisabeth Simon, b. 4 Feb 1747, Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 15 Sep 1749, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 2 years) + 2. Johann Heinrich Simon, b. Oct 1750, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 3. Johann Jürgen "Georg" Simon, b. May 1754, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 17 Mar 1797, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age ~ 42 years) 4. Baby Boy Simon, b. Jun 1757, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 5. Maria Christina Simon, b. Dec 1760, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 6. Anna Maria Elisabeth Simon, b. Dec 1760, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown 7. Johann Conrad Simon, b. 15 Aug 1763, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. 13 Nov 1825, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (Age 62 years) 8. Johann Joseph Simon, b. Oct 1766, Willebadessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany , d. Yes, date unknown Documents Simon, Levin | Wittkop, Anna Maria - Marriage
Record of the marriage of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon to Anna Maria Wittkop, 24 December 1745. From the Parish Register of St. Kilian RC Church in Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.
Simon, Levin | Wittkop, Anna Maria - Marriage - LDS Image
Record of the marriage of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon to Anna Maria Wittkop, 24 December 1745. From the Parish Register of St. Kilian RC Church in Löwen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany. Imaged by the LDS, with a clearer right-hand margin.
Last Modified 26 Jan 2015 Family ID F2 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Event Map = Link to Google Earth
Documents Extracts of Protocols of the Official Court of Paderborn in the Case of Golde Michel versus Jacob Simon
Extracts, transcribed by Hans Juergen Rade and translated by Robert Simon, of court cases surrounding the baptism of Jacob Simon and his children in October 1745. From the Landesrchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, Abteilung Westfalen, Fürstbistum. Paderborn, Offizialatsgericht (B 410), Bd. 71/1 (1745). Further work on this document is in progress.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - 1745 Baptismal Record from the Records of Abdinghof Abbey
Levin Simon - Abdinghof Abbey Baptismal Record. Top entry on page records the baptism in 1745 of Jacob Simon, who was Jewish and who took the baptismal name of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - 1745 Baptismal record from the records of Abdinghof Abbey - Detail
1745 baptismal record of Jacob Simon (afterwards known as Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon) from the registers of Abdinghof Abbey, Paderborn.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - 1745 Baptismal record from Löwen - Page 1 of 2
1745 baptismal record of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon from the parish registers of St. Kilian, Löwen. Page 1 of 2.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - 1745 Baptismal record from Löwen - Page 2 of 2
1745 baptismal record of Levin Gregor Benedikt Simon from the parish registers of St. Kilian, Löwen. Page 2 of 2.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - 1745 Baptismal Record from Löwen Parish Register - Page 1
Page 1 of two-page entry in the Löwen Parish Register detailing the conversion and baptism of Levin Simon, born Jacob Simon. This view is from a microfilm taken by the LDS Church and has a slightly more complete view of each page.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - 1745 Baptismal Record from Löwen Parish Register - Page 2
Page 2 of two-page entry in the Löwen Parish Register detailing the conversion and baptism of Levin Simon, born Jacob Simon. This image was from a microfilm taken by the LDS Church.
Simon, Levin Gregor Benedikt (1713-1771) - Signature
Initials "L.S." from the bottom of an affidavit from the Abbey of Abdinghof concerning his baptism there, from the parish registers of St. Kilian in Löwen, Germany. The style of these letters are different from the capital letters for "L" and "S" on the preceding page, so they are by a different hand than the monk who wrote and signed the affidavit. It is possible that this is an abbreviation for Loco Sigilis ("place of the seal"), but if so, it would be in the same hand as the rest of the document. It seems more likely that this is a countersignature by Levin Simon of this record relating to his baptism.
- Birth year estimated from age at death (58 years) given in the 1771 burial record for Levin Simon in Willebadessen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056021.
- Birth name given as Jacob Simon and birthplace given as Löwen in baptismal record, in Löwen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056014.
- Identified as Jacob Simon, and then as Levin Simon, in numerous legal documents surrounding his decision to become baptized with his two daughters in 1745.
- Given the naming practice among Jewish Germans in the early 18th century, the birth name of Jacob Simon would have been understood by his contemporaries as meaning "Jacob son of Simon." So, these references to him by this name would indicate that Jacob's father actually had Simon as his first name.
JEWISH ORIGINS DEMONSTRATED BY DNA ANALYSIS:
In addition to the documentary record of his baptism in 1745, DNA analysis of the Y-chromosome handed down from father to son in the Simon line shows a Y haplotype of Q-BZ25. This haplotype and the parent haplotypes from which it arose (as well as haplotypes that later diverged from it) are found only among Ashkenazi Jews.
- Full date and location given in a two-page entry in the baptismal register (Taufen, 1745, pages 54-55) of St. Kilian RC Church. The two pages are available here and here, and in a microfilm copy made by the LDS Church (LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056014). Three records interleaved into the baptismal register of St. Kilian Church attest to conversion of Jacob Simon from Judaism to Roman Catholicism on 5 October 1745. Jacob's new baptismal name was "Levinum Gregorium Benedictum Simon." His baptismal witness (Lat: patrino) was given as "Excellentissimo Domino Wilhelma de Vogelius, Serenitatis sua Electoralis Colomensis per Dioecesin Paderbornensem Cancellario." This person is certainly Gerhard Georg Wilhelm Vogel [aka Vogelius] (1708-1755), who was the Vice-Chancellor of the Princely Archbishopric of Paderborn at the time. It is unclear whether his designation as a baptismal sponsor was an honorary designation or whether he served as an actual witness--having distinguished personages as honorary baptismal witnesses was not unknown at the time, according to the Archivist of the Generalvikariat-Diozesan Archive in Paderborn, who was interviewed by Simon relative Heinrich Rohde. According to the baptismal records, at the time of his baptism, Levin Simon was a resident of Löwen. The baptism took place at the Benedictine abbey of Abdinghof, in Paderborn. This abbey was closed during the secularization of Westphalia by the Prussians in about 1803.
- A second record of the baptism is in the records of Abdinghof Abbey itself. These records were collected with the records of the Gaukirche Sankt Ulrich, Paderborn, and are also located in the Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1050943. On a page titled "De Baptismo," the top entry is as follows: "Anno 1745. non quá Pastor, Sed quá de leg acta(?) á Rm's D. Vicaris generali Paderborn. baptizam Hebraeum Nomine Jacob Simon - Deinde". This entry confirms that of the Löwen Parish Register, establishing the Jewish heritage of Jacob Simon, and confirming the involvement of the Paderborn government in his baptism. The final word in the entry, "Deinde," might be translated "of this place." It might indicate that Levin Simon was a resident of Paderborn at the time.
- Various records of children's baptisms give his post-baptismal name as Levin Simon, Levin Simons, and Levin Siemens.
- Wife named as Golde Michel (and variant spellings of Michel) in legal records of the Fürstbistum Paderborn. On 1 October 1745, along with her mother Gütele Soestman from Löwen, she filed a legal action against her husband in the church tribunal (Offizialatsgericht) in Paderborn to prevent his baptism and the baptisms of their daughters. But she failed. There are no process files, but several entries about the process in the protocols of the church tribunal--nearly every two or three days there was a new step in the legal proceedings. The protocols are kept in the Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfallen, Abteilung Westfalen, Fürstbistum Paderborn, Offizialatsgericht, vol. 71/2 (1745).
- This set of legal proceedings ended with a declaration by Golde Michel on 1 December 1745 that she would remain in the Jewish faith and that she demanded a divorce and the return of her bridal dowry. On 9 December 1745, Levin Simon agreed to these terms. On 10 December 1745, the Princely Court of Paderborn issued a decree of divorce.
- Löwen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056014. Witnesses-- Joannes Gluntz and Conrad Kinen (both of whom were married to Wittkops, and both of whom were probably brothers-in-law of Anna Maria Wittkop). Consistent with the information in the above-mentioned Offizialatsgericht, this marriage record states that Levin Simon had a prior wife who wished to remain in Judaism.
- The document for this second marriage (with supplied letters for abbreviations in square brackets) reads in Latin:
Levinus Gregorius Benedictus Simon conversus baptizatus, cum prior uxor in judaismo permanere voluerit, et honesta virgo Anna Maria Wittkop ex Lowen acceptis clandestinis tam in tempore vetito quam proclamationibus, viso mandato copulandi ex judicio R[everen]dissimi Officialatus Paderbornensis. Testes Joes Gluntz at Conradus Kinen Lowenses. Assistens pprius fuit parochus.
- This translates approximately to:
Levin Gregory Benedict Simon, baptized convert, with his former wife wishing to remain in Judaism, and honest virgin Anna Maria Wittkop from Lowen, taken during the forbidden time (probably a reference to a marriage during Advent) and now proclaimed, having mandate for the union from the Most Excellent Official Court of Paderborn. Witnesses Joes Gluntz and Conrad Kinen of Lowen. Assisted by the pastor.
ADDRESSES: Löwen Parish Register shows him as a resident from at least 1745-1747. First record in Willebadessen Parish Register is of legitimate child's birth in October 1750, so move to Willebadessen must have occurred prior to that. No further mention of immediate family in Löwen Parish Register after 1747.
DEATH: January 1771 death date inferred from date of burial record in Willebadessen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056021.
BURIAL: Willebadessen Parish Register in Bistumarchiv Paderborn. LDS FHL Microfilm # 1056021. Age at death given as 58 years.
RESEARCH DIRECTIONS REGARDING POTENTIAL ANCESTORS OF LEVIN SIMON:
- Levin Simon's ancestors do not appear to be from Löwen. According to a local expert in the history of Jewish communities in the area during the 18th century (Ms. Dina van Faassen of the Scriptorium in Münster), in 1704 a report on Jewish families throughout the Princely Archbishopric of Paderborn was made. [Citation she provided: StA MS, Fürstentum Paderborn, Hofkammer, Number 3310; abstracted in Dina Van Faassen, "Das Geleit is kundbar": Quellen und Aufsätze zum jüdischen Leben im Hochstift Paderborn von der Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts bis 1802 (Essen: Klartext Verlag, 1999), p. 117.] Only two Jewish families were listed in this report as living in Löwen. Neither was headed (or had a family member) by the name of Simon, although one family appears to include a person who could be the father of Gutele Soistman, Levin's mother-in-law. Thus, the Simon family must have moved to Löwen after 1704 and before 1713, if Jacob Simon was born there.
- The nearest larger Jewish community that might have had a synagogue would have been in the town of Peckelsheim, only a few miles away. There are records of a Simon family in Peckelsheim in the early 1700's, according to the records of the Paderborn Diocesan Archives (Letter from archivist to Robert Simon, 1994).
- In another document, which is dated 4 May 1740 (7 Iyyar), records a loan to the local Jews of the Paderborn area to cover the cost of maintaining their Geleits (a type of "permission slip" for Jews to live in a given area) from the Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn. The document mentions three collectors, including "Jacob Simon von Pickellsheim." This document is in Dina Van Faassen, "Das Geleit is kundbar", p. 214.
- There is also documentation of a Simon family in Beverungen, another nearby town. Two members of this family mentioned with some specificity were a Joseph Simon of Beverungen, alive as an adult in 1706 [Dina Van Faassen, "Das Geleit is kundbar", p. 208], and a Joseph Simon of Beverungen, born in 1710. In 1745, as Jacob Simon was being sued by his first wife, he was the defendant in a second suit by Bendix Joseph on behalf of the heirs of Joseph Simon of Beverungen. Since Bendix Joseph was likely to be a family member, and since he was unlikely to be the son of the Joseph Simon born in 1710, he may have been Jacob Simon's uncle and the son of the earlier Joseph Simon.